منتدى يضم مواضيع ثقافية واسلامية والعاب وعناوين المواقع المشهورة

Proverbe ne peut mentir. – C'est dans le besoin qu'on reconnaît ses vrais amis. – À bon appétit n'est point besoin de moutarde. – À bon chat, bon rat. – Contentement passe richesse. À bon entendeur, salut ! – Abondance de biens ne nuit pas. – À force d'aller mal, tout va bien. – À bonne lessive, saletés dans le caniveau, couleurs avec. – Vieille amitié ne craint pas la rouille. – À chaque oiseau son nid semble beau. – À chacun sa chacune. – À cœur vaillant rien d'impossible – L'espoir fait vivre. – Qui fait le malin tombe dans le ravin. Argent fait beaucoup mais amour fait tout. – À vingt ans ce qu'on veut, à trente ce qu'on peut. – Ce qui arrive à quelqu'un peut arriver à chacun. – La vérité sort de la bouche des enfants. – Qui sème le vent récolte la tempête. Il ne faut pas déshabiller Pierre pour habiller Paul. – Faute avouée est à moitié pardonnée. – Il n'y a que la vérité qui blesse. – Quand on n'a pas ce qu'on aime, il faut aimer ce qu'on a. – Bien mal acquis ne profite jamais

    A Source of Civilization

    Partagez

    Admin
    Admin

    عدد المساهمات : 346
    السٌّمعَة : 3
    تاريخ التسجيل : 14/09/2009

    A Source of Civilization

    Message  Admin le Mer Juil 21, 2010 3:04 pm

    A Source of Civilization ::



    A Source of Civilization



    The Prophet’s Sunnah is not only the second source, right after the
    Qur’an, of Islamic Shari‘ah (Law), but also the second source, again
    right after the Qur’an, of which both knowledge and civilization flow.

    Primarily, the Qur’an establishes the bases and principles of
    legislation, whereas the Sunnah provides theoretical interpretation as
    well as example and practical application.

    The Prophet’s guidance as exemplified in the Sunnah guides Muslims to
    three basic inseparable aspects of civilization, namely: civilized Fiqh
    (Jurisprudence), civilized conduct, and civilized structure.

    Before attempting to discuss these three aspects of civilization, we
    should first define the meaning of civilization: To begin with, does
    the Islamic concept of civilization offer a distinctive and unique
    interpretation that differs from the ones offered by other
    civilizations that preceded or followed it? Or do all civilizations
    stem from the same source regardless of country, time, sex, religion
    and philosophy in life?

    There is a general definition of civilization that is innate in the
    very word, namely, the overall manifestations of financial, scientific,
    artistic, literary, and social development in a society or in similar
    societies.

    Islam aims at elevating human beings financially, scientifically, artistically, and socially as well as spiritually and morally

    The word “civilization” in Arabic is the opposite of the word
    “bedouinism” or, respectively, savageness and barbarism. Thus, urban
    life stands against Bedouin life and vice versa. People who live in
    cities, towns and villages are urban dwellers, whereas, people who lead
    a Bedouin life are those who live in the deserts sheltered by tents.
    The Bedouins are notorious for their stiffness, harshness, hardness of
    heart and the prevalence of ignorance and illiteracy among them.

    Consequently, Allah did not send down a prophet from among them.
    Instead, all the prophets He had sent were urban dwellers: of villages
    and towns. Allah said to His Prophet what means:

    (And We have not sent before you, any but from among the people of the towns We revealed to them.) (Chapter 12:109)

    As we know Islam is represented by both the Qur’an and the Prophet’s
    Sunnah and we can see in them a persistent determination to transfer
    those people into a systematized urban civilization. Islam aimed at
    elevating them financially, scientifically, artistically, and socially
    as well as spiritually and morally. This aim required Islam to educate
    and purify them according to a wise and gradual instructive discipline
    that was to be carried out by the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings
    be upon him) himself.

    Among the targets of the Hijrah (flight of the Prophet from Makkah to
    Medina ), which was prescribed upon the Arab tribes before the conquest
    of Makkah, was giving a chance for the Bedouin to learn and absorb the
    new Islamic culture which considers the congregational Prayers as an
    essential rite. Moreover, it encourages them to attend instructive
    meetings, to embrace Islamic discipline which covered all aspects of
    life: eating, drinking, wearing clothes, walking, sitting down and all
    other major as well as minor aspects of life.

    The civilization of Islam has united man to Allah and earth to heaven

    If we make a comparison, we will see, on the one hand, the Bedouin man
    who was not in the least embarrassed to pass urine in one corner of the
    mosque regardless of the fact that the Prophet and his Companions were
    sitting in it. Yet when people shouted at him, the Prophet (peace and
    blessings be upon him) stopped them and excused his ignorance and
    Bedouinism ordering his Companions: “Wait until he finishes his
    urinating then spill a bucket of water over the place, for you have
    been sent to make things easy and not to make them difficult.”
    (Reported by Al-Bukhari)

    On the other hand, we would see his fellow Muslim who was instructed,
    refined and purified by Islam as he approached Rustum, the leader of
    the Persian armies, and answered his inquiry about the identity of
    Muslims saying: “We were sent by Allah to bring out whom He wills from
    the worship of His servants to His Worship alone, from the straitened
    world to the vast one, and from the injustice of religions to the
    justice of Islam “

    Undoubtedly, Islam was a message of civilization. Its target was to
    elevate the life of man and set him free from the bonds of “bedouinism”
    to the freedom of civilization.

    It is necessary to emphasize that the civilization that Islam wants to
    build is unlike any other civilizations which focus on the
    materialistic aspects of life as well as the bodily and sensuous side
    of man. Moreover, these civilizations concentrated on the immediate
    pleasures of life, making worldly affairs their primary concern and the
    destination of their knowledge, and left no room for Allah or the
    Afterlife in their philosophy or in their cultural and educational
    system.

    Contrary to them, the civilization of Islam has united man to Allah and
    earth to heaven. It has dedicated life to preparation for the
    Afterlife. It has mingled spirit with matter, has struck a balance
    between the mind and the heart, has wedded science to faith and has
    cherished ethical sublimity as much as materialistic development.

    It is justifiable to describe it as a spiritual, materialistic
    civilization. It is idealistic and real, holy and human, ethical and
    populational, and individualistic as well as general. Truly, it is the
    civilization of balance and moderation which was the basis on which a
    just and distinguished Nation. Almighty Allah described it saying what
    means (And so We have appointed you as a just and distinguished
    Nation.) (Chapter 2:143)

      La date/heure actuelle est Mar Déc 06, 2016 3:11 am