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    A Mercy to the Worlds

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    A Mercy to the Worlds

    Message  Admin le Mer Juil 21, 2010 3:02 pm

    A Mercy to the Worlds ::



    A Mercy to the Worlds



    Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) was an illiterate but wise
    and well-respected man, a member of the ruling Quraysh tribe, who was
    born in Makkah in the year 570 C.E., at a time when Christianity was
    not yet fully established in Europe . He was orphaned at an early age
    and then raised by his uncle Abu Talib.

    As Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) grew up, he became known
    for his truthfulness, generosity and sincerity, so that he was sought
    after for his ability to arbitrate in disputes. His reputation and
    personal qualities also led to his marriage at the age of 25 to
    Khadijah, a widow whom he had assisted in business. From then on, he
    became an important and trusted citizen of Makkah. Historians describe
    him as calm and meditative.

    Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) never felt content to be
    part of his society whose values were devoid of true religious
    significance. He never worshiped idols and never drank alcohol,
    although drinking was widespread in Arabian society at that time. It
    became his habit to retreat from time to time to meditate in the cave
    of Hira ’ near the summit of Jabal An-Nur, the “ Mountain of Light ”,
    near Makkah.

    At the age of 40, while engaged in one such meditative retreat,
    Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) received his first
    revelation from Allah (God) through the Angel Gabriel (Jibril). This
    revelation, which continued for twenty-three years, is known as the
    Qur’an.

    Muhammad and his group of followers suffered bitter persecution

    The Early Message

    His first convert was his wife Khadijah, whose support and
    companionship provided necessary reassurance and strength. He also won
    the support of some of his relatives and friends. The basic themes of
    the early message were the majesty of the One, Unique God; the futility
    of idol worship; the threat of judgment; and the necessity of faith,
    compassion and morality in human affairs.

    All these themes represented an attack on the crass materialism and
    idolatry prevalent in Makkah at the time. So when he began to proclaim
    the message to others, the Makkans rejected him. He and his small group
    of followers suffered bitter persecution. Muhammad (peace and blessings
    be upon him) and his followers drew comfort from the knowledge revealed
    to him about other Prophets, such as Abraham, Joseph, and Moses, each
    of whom had also been persecuted and tested.

    Emigration

    The persecution by the Makkans grew so fierce that in the year 622
    c.e., thirteen years after the beginning of the revelation, Allah (God)
    commanded the Muslims to emigrate. This event, the Hijrah (migration),
    in which they left Makkah for the city of Madinah , some 433 km (260
    miles) to the north, marked the beginning of a new era and thus the
    beginning of the Muslim calendar.

    In Madinah the Muslims were able to live, worship, and spread their
    message in peace. During this period, the revelations of the Qur'an
    mainly dealt with the Muslims' relationships with family members, the
    community of believers, and the non-Muslims.

    Within a century of his death, Islam had spread as far west as Spain and as far east as China

    The Quraysh in Makkah continued their efforts to stop the growth of
    Islam and forced the Muslims to fight several battles. Finally a truce
    was called and the Treaty of Hudaybiyah was signed to bring an end to
    hostilities.

    When the Makkans broke the truce two years later, the Muslims set off
    to fight them. However, on seeing the size of the Muslim army, the
    Makkans surrendered. Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him)
    and his followers entered the city peacefully, where they forgave their
    enemies and established Islam definitively.

    By the time the Prophet died at the age of 63, ten years after the
    Hijrah, the greater part of Arabia had accepted Islam. Within a century
    of his death, Islam had spread as far west as Spain and as far east as
    China . It was clear that the message was not limited to Arabs; it was
    for the whole of humanity. In the Qur’an, Allah describes Muhammad
    (peace and blessings be upon him) as (a mercy to the worlds) (21:107,
    Shakir’s translation).

    Although Muhammad is deeply loved, revered and emulated by Muslims as Allah’s final Messenger, he is not an object of worship.

    * C.E. stands for Common Era, which is the period coinciding with the Christian era -

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