منتدى يضم مواضيع ثقافية واسلامية والعاب وعناوين المواقع المشهورة

Proverbe ne peut mentir. – C'est dans le besoin qu'on reconnaît ses vrais amis. – À bon appétit n'est point besoin de moutarde. – À bon chat, bon rat. – Contentement passe richesse. À bon entendeur, salut ! – Abondance de biens ne nuit pas. – À force d'aller mal, tout va bien. – À bonne lessive, saletés dans le caniveau, couleurs avec. – Vieille amitié ne craint pas la rouille. – À chaque oiseau son nid semble beau. – À chacun sa chacune. – À cœur vaillant rien d'impossible – L'espoir fait vivre. – Qui fait le malin tombe dans le ravin. Argent fait beaucoup mais amour fait tout. – À vingt ans ce qu'on veut, à trente ce qu'on peut. – Ce qui arrive à quelqu'un peut arriver à chacun. – La vérité sort de la bouche des enfants. – Qui sème le vent récolte la tempête. Il ne faut pas déshabiller Pierre pour habiller Paul. – Faute avouée est à moitié pardonnée. – Il n'y a que la vérité qui blesse. – Quand on n'a pas ce qu'on aime, il faut aimer ce qu'on a. – Bien mal acquis ne profite jamais

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    islam FIQH 1

    Message  Admin le Mar Mar 23, 2010 8:04 am

    بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم


    Merits of Knowledge



    (يَرْفَعِ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا مِنْكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْعِلْمَ دَرَجَاتٍ) (المجادلة:11)
    “Allah will exalt those who believe among you
    And those who have knowledge to high ranks.”
    (Surat Al-Mujadalah:11)




    (وَقُلْ رَبِّ زِدْنِي عِلْمًا) (طه:114)
    “And say: ‘My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.’”
    (Surat Taha:114)




    Abu-Hurayrah reported that the messenger of Allah () said:
    (من سلك طريقًا يلتمس فيه علمًا سهل الله له به طريقًا إلى الجنة) (رواه مسلم)
    “A person who follows a path for acquiring knowledge
    Allah will make easy the passage for paradise for him.”
    (Collected by Muslim)









    Pillars of Islam

     Definition of Islam:
     Submitting to the will of Allah (the only true god who deserves to be worshiped) and obeying his laws.

     Five pillars of Islam:
     Testifying that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah, and that Mohammed is the messenger of Allah.
     Establishment of salaah.
     Giving zakaah.
     Fasting during the month of Ramadan.
     Making hajj (pilgrimage) to Makkah.

    1st Pillar
    (The Shahadah)

     Allah says in the Quran:
    (وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالإِنْسَ إِلا لِيَعْبُدُونِ) (الذاريات:56)
    “And I created not the jinn and mankind except they should worship me.” (Adh-Dhariyat :56)

    (قُلْ إِنَّ صَلاتِي وَنُسُكِي وَمَحْيَايَ وَمَمَاتِي لِلَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ) (الأنعام:162)
    “Say, verily, my salaah, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the lord of all that exists.” (Al-An'aam:162)

     Note: The definition of worship ('ebaadah) is everything that Allah loves and is acceptable to him from words and deeds; they are done in full submission, inwardly and outwardly, with sincerity and humility.

     The Shahadah:
    "أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله وأشهد أن محمداً رسول الله"
    “I testify that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah, and that Mohammed is the messenger of Allah.”

    3rd Pillar
    (Giving Zakaah)

     Allah says in the Quran:
    (وأَقِيمُوا الصَّلاةَ وَءَاتُوا الزَّكَاةَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ) (النور:56)
    “So establish salaah and give zakaah and obey the messenger; that you may receive mercy.” (An-Noor:56)

     Definition of zakaah:
     Obligatory sadaqah (charity) due on wealth; given under certain conditions to specific persons at a specific time.

     Benefits of zakaah:
     Above all it is an act of obedience to Allah.
     Helps the poor and needy.
     Purifies a person from greed; and teaches generosity.
     Purifies the heart of the recipient from envy and jealousy against the rich.

     Forms of wealth:
     Gold / silver / money.
     Trade goods for sale: (ex. Vehicles, land, animals, food, etc..)
     Sheep / cows / camels.
     Certain produce of the earth: (ex. Wheat, corn, dates, etc..)

     Recipients of zakaah:
     Allah () says in the Quran:
    (إِنَّمَا الصَّدَقَاتُ لِلْفُقَرَاءِ وَالْمَسَاكِينِ وَالْعَامِلِينَ عَلَيْهَا وَالْمُؤَلَّفَةِ قُلُوبُهُمْ وَفِي الرِّقَابِ وَالْغَارِمِينَ وَفِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ وَاِبْنِ السَّبِيلِ فَرِيضَةً مِنَ اللَّهِ وَاللَّهُ عَلِيمٌ حَكِيمٌ) (التوبة :60)
    “Verily, sadaqah (charity) are for the poor, and the needy, and for those employed to collect it, and for those whose hearts are to be won over, and for freeing slaves, and for those in debt, and in the cause of Allah, and for a stranded traveler. This is an obligatory duty imposed by Allah, and Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.” (At-Tawbah:60)

    4th Pillar
    (Siyam (Fasting) the Month of Ramadan)

     Allah says in the Quran:
    (يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا كُتِبَ عَلَيْكُمُ الصِّيَامُ كَمَا كُتِبَ عَلَى الَّذِينَ مِنْ قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ) (البقرة:183)
    “O you who believe! fasting is prescribed to you as it was prescribed to those before you that you may achieve taqwa.” (Al-Baqarah:183)

     Definition of fasting (siyam):
     Siyam is a way of worshiping Allah by intentionaly abstaining from food, drink, sexual intercourse and other things that break ones fast; from dawn to sundown.

     Merits of fasting:
     Abu-Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah () said:
    "كل عمل ابن آدم يضاعف الحسنة عشر أمثالها إلى سبعمائة ضعف قال الله عز وجل إلا الصوم فإنه لي وأنا أجزي به يدع شهوته وطعامه من أجلي للصائم فرحتان فرحة عند فطره وفرحة عند لقاء ربه ولخلوف فيه أطيب عند الله من ريح المسك" (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
    “Every good deed of the son of Adam is multiplied in reward 10 to 700 times (depending on one's intention and sincerity), Allah () proclaims: 'Except for fasting, for it is for me and I will grant the reward for it. He leaves his passions and his food for my sake.' the fasting person has two moments of joy; one when he breaks his fast and the other when he meets his lord. And the smell that comes from the mouth of the fasting person is more pleasant to Allah than the smell of musk.” (Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)


     Benefits of fasting:
     Above all it is an act of obedience to Allah.
     Trains believers in taqwa (being mindful of Allah & fearing him by doing all that he ordered & avoiding all that he forbade).
     Teaches patience and sincerity.


     Acts which invalidate (break) fasting:
     Eating, drinking, smoking or anything the same.
     Intentionaly vomiting.
     Taking out blood in large amount.
     Menstruation or post-birth bleeding.
     Sexual intercourse or sexual discharge.

     Zakat ul-fitr:
     One sa'a (4 handfuls) approximately 2.5 kg. Of basic food of a country (ex. Wheat, rice, corn, etc..)
     Given by every Muslim to the poor and needy.
     One or two days before 'Eid prayer.

    5th Pillar
    (Making Hajj (Pilgrimage) to Makkah)

     Allah says in the Quran:
    (وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النَّاسِ حِجُّ الْبَيْتِ مَنِ اسْتَطَاعَ إِلَيْهِ سَبِيلاً وَمَنْ كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ الْعَالَمِينَ) (آل عمران:97)
    “Pilgrimage to the house is a duty mankind owes to Allah, those who are able to make the journey; but if they deny faith, Allah is not in need of any of his creations.” (Al-'Imran :97)

     The meaning behind hajj:
     ‘Aa’ishah reported that the prophet () said:
    "إنما جعل الطواف بالبيت وبين الصفا والمروة ورمي الجمار لإقامة ذكر الله" (رواه أحمد، أبو داود والترمذي)
    “The tawaff of the house (ka'bah) and (the sa'iy) between Safa and Marwah and the throwing of the jamarat were set up for the remembrance of Allah.” (Collected by Ahmad, Abu Dawood & At-Tirmidhi)

     Merits of hajj:
     Abu-Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah () said:
    "من حج لله فلم يرفث ولم يفسق رجع كيوم ولدته أمه" (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
    “He who makes hajj for Allah and avoids obscene language and immoral behavior, will return (without his sins) like the day his mother gave birth to him.” (Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)

     Abu-Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah () said:
    "العمرة إلى العمرة كفارة لما بينهما والحج المبرور ليس له جزاء إلا الجنة" (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
    “One umrah to another umrah erases sins committed between them and hajj (accepted by Allah) has no reward except al-jannah (paradise).” (Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)

     Benefits of hajj:
     Above all it is an act of obedience to Allah.
     Shows the universality of Islam.
     Reminds us of the day of judgement.

    2nd Pillar
    (Establishment of Salaah)

     Allah says in the Quran:
     Ibraheem () asks Allah's support in his duty saying:
    (رَبِّ اجْعَلْنِي مُقِيمَ الصَّلاةِ وَمِنْ ذُرِّيَّتِي) (إبراهيم :40)
    “O my Lord! make me one who establishes salaah and also from my offspring” (Ibraheem :40)

     Allah () spoke to Musa () saying:
    (وَأَقِمِ الصَّلاةَ لِذِكْرِي) (طه:14)
    And establish salaah for my remembrance (Taaha :14)

     'Issa () says of Allah ():
    (وَأَوْصَانِي بِالصَّلاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيّا) (مريم:31)
    And he has enjoined on me salaah and zakaah as long as i live (Mariam : 31)

     Allah () orders Mohammed () saying:
    (اتْلُ مَا أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ مِنَ الْكِتَابِ وَأَقِمِ الصَّلاةَ) (العنكبوت :45)
    Recite what was revealed to you of the book and establish salaah (al-'Ankaboot :45)

     Allah () orders the believers saying:
    (إِنَّ الصَّلاةَ كَانَتْ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ كِتابًا مَوْقُوتًا) (النساء: 103)
    Establish salaah, for salaah has been enjoined on the believers at stated times (an-Nisaa :103)

     Importance of salaah:
     Allah () says in the Quran:
    (إِنَّ الصَّلاةَ تَنْهَى عَنِ الْفَحْشَاءِ وَالْمُنْكَرِ) (العنكبوت:45)
    Certainly does salaah prevent great sin and evil deeds (al-'Ankaboot :45)

     Allah () says in the Quran:
    (وَالَّذِينَ هُمْ عَلَى صَلاتِهِمْ يُحَافِظُونَ) (أُولَئِكَ فِي جَنَّاتٍ مُكْرَمُونَ) (المعارج:34،35)
    And those who guard their prayers well
    Such shall dwell in the gardens honoured (al-Ma'aarij :34 & 35)

     Anas ibn Maalik said:
    "فرضت على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم الصلوات ليلة أسري به خمسين ثم نقصت حتى جعلت خمسا ثم نودي يا محمد إنه لا يبدل القول لدي وإن لك بهذه الخمس خمسين" (رواه أحمد والترمذي)
    "Salaah was made obligatory on the Prophet () the night of his ascension to the heavens (Israa & M'iraaj) 50 in number, but were reduced (several times) until they were 5. then it was proclaimed: O Mohammed, for there is no change in my order, for these 5 you will have 50 (in reward)." (Collected by Ahmad & At-Tirmidhi)

     Abu-Hurayrah reported that the messenger of allah () said:
    "أرأيتم لو أن نهرا بباب أحدكم يغتسل منه كل يوم خمس مرات هل يبقى من درنه شيء قالوا لا يبقى من درنه شيء قال فذلك مثل الصلوات الخمس يمحو الله بهن الخطايا" (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
    "What do you think if one of you had a river running past his door and he bathed in it 5 times a day, would any dirt remain on him?" They replied: "No dirt would remain on him." The (the Prophet) said: "likewise is the 5 times of salaah by which allah erases sins." (Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)

     Abu-Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah () said:
    "أول ما يحاسب به العبد يوم القيامة من عمله صلاته فإن صلحت فقد أفلح وأنجح وإن فسدت فقد خاب وخسر" (رواه الترمذي وابن ماجه)
    "The first thing a person will be taken to account for on the day of judgement from his deeds will be his salaah. if it is satisfactory, he will be successful and pass. and if it is not satisfactory, he will have failed and lost." (Collected by At-Tirmidhi & Ibn Maaja)

     Buraidah reported that the Prophet () said:
    "العهد الذي بيننا وبينهم الصلاة فمن تركها فقد كفر" (رواه الترمذي)
    "What is between us and them is salaah. Whoever abandons it has disbelieved." (Collected by At-Tirmidhi)

    Tahaarah
    (Moral & Physical Purification)

     Moral purification: (purification of the heart)
     From kufur (disbelief) and nifaq (hypocrisy).
     From anger and hate of your Muslim brother.


     Physical purification:
     Purification from acts which break physical tahaarah. (ex. Urinating, sexual intercourse with wife, etc..)
     Removal of najasah (impure substances) (ex. Urine, feces, etc..).

    Wudoo
    (Ablution)
     Allah says in the Quran:

    (يَاأَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوا إِذَا قُمْتُمْ إِلَى الصَّلاةِ فَاغْسِلُوا وُجُوهَكُمْ وَأَيْدِيَكُمْ إِلَى الْمَرَافِقِ وَامْسَحُوا بِرُءُوسِكُمْ وَأَرْجُلَكُمْ إِلَى الْكَعْبَيْنِ) (المائدة:6)
    O you who believe, when you rise for salaah, wash your faces & hands to the elbows and wipe your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles (al-Maa’idah: 6)

     Merits of wudoo:
     Abu -Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah () said:
    "إذا توضأ العبد المسلم أو المؤمن فغسل وجهه خرج من وجهه كل خطيئة نظر إليها بعينيه مع الماء أو مع آخر قطر الماء فإذا غسل يديه خرج من يديه كل خطيئة كان بطشتها يداه مع الماء أو مع آخر قطر الماء فإذا غسل رجليه خرجت كل خطيئة مشتها رجلاه مع الماء أو مع آخر قطر الماء حتى يخرج نقيا من الذنوب" (رواه مسلم)
    "When a Muslim or a believer makes wudoo and washes his face, every sin committed with his eyes is washed away from his face with water or with the last drop of water. And when he washes his hands every sin committed with his hands is washed away from his hands with water or with the last drop of water. And when he washes his feet every sin towards which his feet had taken him is washed away with water or with the last drop of water, until he comes out pure from all sins." (Collected by Muslim)

     Ali ibn Abi Taalib reported that the Messenger of Allah () said:
    "مفتاح الصلاة الطهور" (رواه أبو داود والترمذي)
    “The key for salaah is tahaarah.” (Collected by Abu Dawood & At-Tirmidhi)

     Conditions of wudoo:
     Neeyah (intention) to attain tahaarah.
     Use of pure water:
     Pure water: (ex. Rain, ocean, well water, etc..)
     Impure water: water mixed with najasah (impure substance) that changes taste, color or smell of water.

     Exposing skin:
     Removing anything that prevents water from touching the parts of the body for wudoo (ex. Paint, tight watch, etc..)
     How wudoo is made:
     Fardh (obligatory) acts of wudoo:
     Washing the whole face (including washing the mouth & nose).
     Washing both arms to the elbows.
     Wiping the head and ears.
     Washing both feet to the ankles.
     Making wudoo in order and without pause.

     Sunnah (optional) acts of wudoo:
     Saying: "بسم الله" "bismillah" (In the Name of Allah).
     Washing the hands 3 times (obligatory after night sleep), and cleaning in between the fingers.
     Washing the mouth & nose 3 times.
     Washing the whole face 3 times.
     Running ones fingers through his beard with water.
     Washing the right then left arm to the elbows 3 times.
     Wiping head from front to back then back to front once & wiping outer ear with thumbs & inner ear with index fingers.
     Washing the right then left foot to the ankles 3 times.
     Dua'a after wudoo: (so as to combine physical & moral tahaarah)
    "أشهد أن لا اله إلا الله وحده لا شريك له وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله"
    "اللهم اجعلني من التوابين واجعلني من المتطهرين"
    "Ash-haduallaa ilaaha illallaahu wahdahoo laa shareeka lah, wa ash-hadu anna muhammadan abduhoo wa rasooluh."
    "Allahummaj-'alnee minat-tawwaabeena waj-'alnee minal-mutatah-hireen."
    (I testify that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah alone, without any partner, and I testify that Mohammed is his slave and messenger).
    (O Allah, make me of those that constantly repent and of those who are purified).


     Acts that invalidate (break) wudoo:
     Hadath asghar: (minor defilements which require wudoo)
     Passing wind or urine or feces.
     Deep sleep or loss of consciousness.
     Touching private parts without barrier (passionately).
     Eating camel meat.

    Wiping over Socks

     Wiping over socks:
     Al-Mughirah ibn Sh'ubah said:
    "كنت مع النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم… أهويت لأنزع خفيه فقال دعهما فإني أدخلتهما طاهرتين فمسح عليهما" (رواه البخاري ومسلم)
    “I was with the Prophet () (when he was making wudoo)… I bent to remove his khuffs (leather socks). He said to me, ‘leave them for I had put them on in a state of tahaarah. So he wiped over them.’” (Collected by Al-Bukhari & Muslim)

     Conditions of wiping over socks:
     One must be in a state of tahaarah before putting them on.
     They must be free from najasah (impure substances).
     They must be halaal (Islamicaly lawful).
     They should cover the feet up to the ankles.
     Wiping must not exceed permitted time limit:
     Residents = One day & night (24 hours).
     Travelers = Three days & nights (72 hours).
     Note: The permitted time limit begins from the first wipe.


     How wiping is made:
     Wet hands.
     Pass hands over top of foot. (from the end of the toes to the beginning of the leg).
     Wipe right foot with right hand and left foot with left hand.


     Acts that invalidate wiping:
     Removal of socks.
     Acts which require ghusl (complete bath).
     End of permitted time limit.

    Ghusl
    (Complete Bath)

     Allah says in the Quran:
    (وَإِنْ كُنْتُمْ جُنُبًا فَاطَّهَّرُوا) (المائدة:6)
    If you are in a state of janaba (sexual discharge), purify yourself (al-Maa’idah :6)

     Cases that require ghusl:
     When one becomes a Muslim.
     When a Muslim dies (ghusl is given to him).
     Hadath akbar: (major defilements which require ghusl)
     Sexual discharge: (from hugging & kissing wife, wet dream, etc..).
     Sexual intercourse (even without discharging).
     After menstruating period (for women).
     After post-birth bleeding (for women).
     How ghusl is made:
     Fard (obligatory) acts of ghusl:
     Neeyah (intention) to attain tahaarah.
     Washing the entire body (including washing the mouth and nose).
     Sunnah (optional) acts of ghusl:
     Saying: "بسم الله" "bismillah" (in the name of Allah).
     Washing hands 3 times.
     Washing private parts with left hand.
     Making wudoo.
     Washing hair 3 times.
     Washing entire body beginning from right then left side.

     Acts that require tahaarah:
     Acts that are haram (forbidden) to do without wudoo:
     Making salaah.
     Making tawaff of the ka'bah.
     Touching the Quran.
     Acts that are haram (forbidden) to do without ghusl:
     All acts that are haram to do without wudoo.
     Reading Quran in general or out of memorization.
     Sitting in a masjid.

    Conditions of Salaah

     Islam
     Puberty
     Sanity
    Obligatory
    Salaah No. Of
    Rak'ahs Times of
    Salaah
    Al-Fajr 2 rak'ahs From the break of dawn
    until just before sunrise
    Ad-Dhuhr 4 rak'ahs Just after mid-day
    until mid-afternoon.
    Al-'Asr 4 rak'ahs From mid-afternoon
    until sundown.
    Al-Maghrib 3 rak'ahs From after sundown until
    daylight ends.
    Al-'Isha 4 rak'ahs From the end of maghrib
    time, until mid-night.
     Entrance of time:

     Covering the 'awrah:
     Men: from the navel to the knees.
     Women: all of the body except the hands & face during salaah.

     Tahaarah: (purification)
     Hadath asghar: (minor defilements which require wudoo).
     Hadath akbar: (major defilements which require ghusl).

     Removal of najasah: (impure substances)
     Body
     Clothes
     Place of salaah
     Facing the qiblah: (the ka'bah in Makkah)
     Neeyah: (intention in the heart) to make a specific salaah.

    How Salaah Is Made?

     How salaah is made:
     Malik ibn al-Huairith reported that the Prophet () said:
    "صلوا كما رأيتموني أصلي" (رواه البخاري)
    “Pray as you have seen me praying.” (Collected by Al-Bukhari)

     Qiyam: (standing position)
     Takbeeratul-ihraam:
     Raise hands to the ear or shoulder level and say: "الله أكبر" "Allahu akbar" (Allah is the most great)
     Place right hand over left hand on the chest area.
     Eyes should be focused on place of sujood.
     Recite du’aa’ al-istiftaah (opening du’aa’):
    "سبحانك اللهم وبحمدك وتبارك اسمك وتعالى جدك ولا إله غيرك"
    "Subhaanaka allaahumma wa bihamdik, wa tabaaraka ismuka wa ta'aala jadduk, wa laa ilaaha ghayruk."

    (Glorified You are O Allah and praised, blessed is Your Name, and exalted is Your Majesty, and none has the right to be worshiped except You).

     Reciting soorat al-Fatihah:
     First say: "أعوذ بالله من الشيطان الرجيم" “A'udhu billaahi minash-shaytaanir rajeem” (I seek refuge in Allah from the accursed satan)
     Then say:"بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم" "Bismillaahir rahmaanir raheem" (In the name of Allah whose mercy encompasses everything, the merciful)
     Then recite al-Fatihah:
     Note: After reciting al-Fatihah you should say: "آمين" "aameen" (O Allah, answer our prayers)
     Then you could recite any other soorah or ayah.
     Rukoo':
     Raise hands to the ear or shoulder level and say: "الله أكبر" "Allahu akbar" (Allah is the most great)
     While in rukoo', say preferably 3 times: "سبحان ربي العظيم" "Subhaana rabbi al-'Adheem" (Glory to my lord, the exalted)
     Standing upright from rukoo':
     While rising from rukoo', raise hands to the ear or shoulder level and say: "سمع الله لمن حمده" “Sami' Allahu liman hamidah” (Allah hears those who praise him)
     Note: This is said only by the imam & while praying alone.

     Then say: "ربنا ولك الحمد" "rabbanaa walakal hamd" (our lord, praise be to you)
     Note: This is said by everyone.
     Sujood:
     While going to sujood say: "الله أكبر" "Allahu akbar" (Allah is the most great)
     While in sujood, say preferably 3 times: "سبحان ربي الأعلى" "Subhaana rabbi al-A'laa" (Glory to my Lord, the Most High)
     During sujood, 7 parts of the body should be touching the ground.
     (forehead & nose)  (both palms)  (both knees)  (both feet)
     Sitting between the two sujood:
     When rising from sujood say: "الله أكبر" "Allahu akbar" (Allah is the most great)
     While sitting between the two sujood, say preferably 3 times: "رب اغفرلي" "rabbi ighfirlee" (my Lord, forgive me)

     Sujood: (again)
     While going to sujood say: "الله أكبر" "Allahu akbar" (Allah is the most great)
     While in sujood, say preferably 3 times: "سبحان ربي الأعلى" "Subhaana rabbi al-A'laa" (Glory to my Lord, the most high)

     Qiyam: (again)
     While rising up say:"الله أكبر" "Allahu akbar" (Allah is the most great)
     Note: The previous acts are all called one rak'ah.

     First tashahhud:
     While sitting during the second rak'ah you should say:
    "التحيات لله والصلوات والطيبات، السلام عليك أيها النبي ورحمة الله وبركاته السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين، أشهد أن لا إله إلا الله وأشهد أن محمداً عبده ورسوله"
    "At-taheeyaatu lillaahi was salaawaatu wat tayyibaat, as-salaamu 'alayka ayyuhan nabee wa rahmatullaahi wa barakaatuh, as-salaamu 'alaynaa wa 'alaa 'ibaadullaahis saaliheen. Ash-hadu alla ilaha illa-allah wa ash-hadu anna mohammadan 'abduhu wa rasooluh."

    (All compliments, prayers and good deeds are due to Allah. Peace be upon you O Prophet, and the mercy of Allah and his blessings, peace be upon us and on the righteous worshipers of Allah. I testify that none has the right to be worshiped except Allah, and I testify that Mohammed is his slave and messenger).


     Last Tashahhud:
     While sitting during the last rak'ah, you should say the first tashahhud then say:
    "اللهم صل على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما صليت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد، اللهم بارك على محمد وعلى آل محمد كما باركت على إبراهيم وعلى آل إبراهيم إنك حميد مجيد"
    "Allaahumma salli 'alaa mohammedin wa 'alaa aali Mohammed, kamaa salayta 'alaa Ibraaheema wa 'alaa aali Ibraaheem. Innaka hameedun majeed. Allaahumma baarik 'alaa Mohammedin wa 'alaa aali Mohammed, kamaa baarakta 'alaa Ibraaheema wa 'alaa aali Ibraaheem. Innaka hameedun majeed."

    (O Allah, praise Mohammed and the family [followers] of Mohammed, just as You praised Ibraheem and the family [followers] of Ibraheem. Verily You are Praiseworthy and Most Glorious. O Allah, bless Mohammed and the family [followers] of Mohammed, just as You blessed Ibraheem and the family [followers] of Ibraheem. Verily You are Praiseworthy and Most Glorious).

     After the last tashahhud, a du’aa' should also be said:
    "اللهم إني أعوذ بك من عذاب جهنم ومن عذاب القبر ومن فتنة المحيا والممات ومن فتنة المسيح الدجال"
    “Allaahumma innee a'udhu bika min 'adhaabi jahannam, wamin 'adhaabil qabr, wa min fitnatil mahyaa wal mamaat, wa min fitnatil maseehid dajjaal.”

    (O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the punishment of the hellfire, and from the punishment of the grave, and from the trials of living and dying, and from the trails of the False Messiah).

     Tasleem:
     At the end of the salaah, turn your face to the right saying: "السلام عليكم ورحمة الله""As-salaamu 'alaykum wa rahmatullaah"
    (Peace and Allah's mercy be upon you)

     Then turn your face to the left saying the same.
     Calmness: (in doing each act of salaah)

    Arkaan As-salaah
    (Pillars of Salaah)

     Qiyam.  Sitting between the two sujood.
     Takbeeratul-ihraam.  Sitting for the last tashahhud.

     Reciting al-Fatihah.  Reciting the last tashahhud.

     Rukoo'.  Tasleem.

     Standing upright  Calmness in doing each act
    from rukoo'.

     Sujood (twice).  Making acts in order.

     Note: If one intentionaly leaves a pillar, he must repeat his salaah. If one unintentionaly leaves a pillar, he must return and make the missed pillar, then at the end of the salaah makes sujood us-sahw (sujood to make up for forgetfulness).

    Wajibaat as-salaah
    (obligations of salaah)

     All the takbeers except for takbeeratul-ihraam.
     Saying: "Subhaana rabbi al-'Adheem."
     Saying: "Sami’a Allahu liman hamidah."
     Saying: "rabbanaa walakal hamd."
     Saying: "subhaana rabbi al-A'laa."
     Saying: "rabbi ighfirlee."
     Sitting for the first tashahhud.
     Reciting first tashahhud.

     Note: If one intentionaly leaves an obligation, he must repeat his salaah. If one un-intentionaly leaves an obligation, he does not need to return and make the missed obligation, but at the end of the salaah makes sujood us-sahw.

    Sunan as-Salaah
    (Optional Acts of Salah)

     Placing right hand over left hand on the chest area.
     Reciting du’aa’ al-istiftaah.
     Raising hands for takbeer.
     Reciting more than al-Fatihah.
     Du’aa’ after last tashahhud.
     Raising index finger.
    Acts that nullify (break) salaah

     Intentionaly leaving a rukun (pillar) or unintentionaly leaving a rukun without returning and making up that pillar.
    Intentionaly leaving a wajib (obligation).
    Intentionaly leaving a condition of salaah.
     Loss of tahaarah.
     Intentionaly talking or laughing.
     Intentionaly eating or drinking.
     Excessive movements which are not part of salaah.


    Acts that are makrooh (disliked) during salaah

     Raising ones eyes to the sky or closing them or looking around.
     Making unnecessary movements.
     Praying while needing to urinate or defecate.
     Praying at the time food has been served and one desires to eat.
     Praying in a place that has pictures or idols.

      La date/heure actuelle est Sam Déc 10, 2016 11:01 pm